By Felix R. FitzRoy, Elissaios Papyrakis
Curiosity in weather switch has generated a mountain of literature leaving many floundering within the sheer flood of knowledge, observation, claims and tasks. This hugely available e-book assumes no past wisdom and cuts in the course of the confusion to provide an explanation for the foremost monetary and coverage concerns relating to weather swap in basic language and with just a couple of information. assurance slices around the breadth and intensity of weather switch, delivering brief summaries of the main correct study and conclusions from a number of disciplines. The authors spotlight the place economists and coverage makers usually misunderstand the technology of weather swap, underestimate the dangers of runaway warming and exaggerate the prices of radical measures to stabilize the weather. A key concentration is the impression of weather swap on global agriculture, the world's most vital task. The authors offer a severe exam of the way present guidelines that advertise terrible water utilization and soil erosion are risking a catastrophic cave in of agriculture within the poorest and such a lot populous nations in a warming international. they appear on the strategies resembling how no-till, conservation farming, 3rd new release biofuels from waste land, replacement power, and bio-char construction to elevate sustainable yields, decrease emissions and sequester carbon in soil. the second one, the most important thrust is a severe exam of the expansion financial system paradigm of wealthy nations that's using weather switch. The authors examine fiscal measures to manage weather switch together with switching taxes from exertions to carbon and subsidies from fossil and nuclear power to renewable choices in addition to call for administration and effort saving. total the ebook offers a entire, serious creation to the problems and highlights the most guidelines which are had to start up the transformation to sustainability and steer clear of the worst hazards of weather disaster.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy
Chemical fertilizers and herbicides do not augment soil organic matter, and by damaging microflora and microfauna may inhibit the formation of stable soil structure and humus content, as well as the uptake of micronutrients. Health hazards to farm workers, consumers and the aquatic environment are well documented, though still strenuously denied by the agrichemical lobby and its academic allies. In addition, the ‘cocktail effect’ of many thousands of chemicals, including agrichemicals, to which we are constantly exposed, has been little studied.
This combination has been pioneered by the Rodale Institute in Pennsylvania in the US and further reduces energy inputs, to less than a third of the requirement under conventional ploughing and chemical use, while also raising some crop yields above those in both conventional and plough-till organic cultivation. 29 In developing countries and in some developed agricultural areas, complementary agroforestry combines the planting of trees or bushes in close proximity with conventional crops to yield additional, related benefits, including windbreaks and carbon sequestration.
This environment also requires large-scale, prophylactic use of antibiotics to avoid epidemics, as well as for their function as growth promoters to raise measured ‘productivity’ without regard for the external environmental costs. While they are restricted in the EU, illegal antibiotic use is widespread, and the US, with no restrictions, uses eight times the amount of antibiotics in animal feed as in human medicine. This misuse has helped to evolve increasing antibiotic resistance in many human pathogens and an epidemic of often fatal hospital infections, such as the recent episodes attributed to the MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) hospital bacterium.
An Introduction to Climate Change Economics and Policy by Felix R. FitzRoy, Elissaios Papyrakis