By Ronald E. Hester (auth.), J. Braunstein, Gleb Mamantov, G. P. Smith (eds.)
Molten salts are investigated through very different thoughts and for vary ing reasons, and the implications are suggested in commonly scattered journals. there's a have to continue investigators conscious of development in different specialties and to supply scholars with resource and history fabric. Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry hopes to fill those wishes by means of offering reports of contemporary growth provided, insofar as is cheap, with sufficient historical past fabric and remark to be understandable to a nonspecialist. We desire a dialogue of underlying ideas, to the level that they're recognized, and we motivate authors to remark significantly at the reliability of knowledge, the application of types, and the cogency of principles and theories. We take a large vie~ of the suitability of themes for inclusion during this sequence. either primary and technological advances have a spot the following, as do experiences on fabrics regarding molten salts (like liquid silicates, very focused aqueous recommendations, recommendations of salts in liquid metals, and sturdy electrolytes). We intend this sequence to serve the desires of these who examine or use molten salts. We welcome feedback of subject matters and compatible authors, in addition to reviews at the strengths and shortcomings of what's published.
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Molten salts are investigated via very diversified recommendations and for fluctuate ing reasons, and the implications are stated in largely scattered journals. there's a have to continue investigators conscious of development in different specialties and to supply scholars with resource and history fabric. Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry hopes to fill those wishes via delivering studies of contemporary development offered, insofar as is affordable, with sufficient historical past fabric and observation to be understandable to a nonspecialist.
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Extra resources for Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry: Volume 1
A closely similar nichrome wire heated cell has been described by Young and co-worders(46) for use with a horizontally mounted Toronto are, and an elaborate further development of these basic designs due to Walrafen(47) is shown in Fig. 12. Radio-frequency induction heating was used to achieve temperature in the region of lOOOoC with this cell. While most pure metal nitrates and halides (except lithium salts) Fig. 12. Schematic diagram of a high temperature accessory for a Raman spectrometer. ) Vibrational Aspects of Molten Salts r- "LJ Air mlet 000 "j 0 0 0 I .
This point of view has recently been supported by Devlin and co-workers,(9S,10S) who based their case on the irregular band shapes observed in their ATR infrared spectra from molten alkali metal nitrates(lOS) and silver nitrate. (9S) These authors have suggested retention of an orthorhombic lattice structure, such as the D~~ room temperature form of KN0 3 , (109) in the melt. This leads to an interpretation in terms of the correlation diagram given in Fig. (10S) It is perhaps surprising to find a full factor-group analysis needed to account for a melt spectrum, when spectra even from low temperature crystalline solids commonly can be accounted for with a simple site-symmetry analysis, (1S) but this is perhaps a result of the unusually high resolution claimed for the ATR method.
The special characteristics of the Cary 81 laser Raman spectrometer sample excitation method, wherein a coaxial optical arrangement is used to produce back-scattered (360°) Raman radiation, have formed the basis for the design of a molten salt cell by Melveger and co-workers. (54) This consists of a simple pyrex U-tube, internally heated with nichrome wire, held close to the Cary hemispherical lens. p. 5 cm- I . However, it is apparent that this optical system is generally less useful for high temperature studies than the more conventional 90° scattering system, where the collecting lens can be well removed from the sample cell and furnace assembly.
Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry: Volume 1 by Ronald E. Hester (auth.), J. Braunstein, Gleb Mamantov, G. P. Smith (eds.)