By Mitsuo Niinomi, Takayuki Narushima, Masaaki Nakai
This booklet reports primary advances within the use of metal biomaterials to reconstruct not easy tissues and blood vessels. It additionally covers the newest advances in consultant steel biomaterials, resembling stainless steels, Co-Cr alloys, titanium and its alloys, zirconium, tantalum and niobium established alloys. furthermore, the most recent findings on corrosion, cytotoxic and allergic difficulties as a result of metal biomaterials are brought. The ebook deals a helpful reference resource for researchers, graduate scholars and clinicians operating within the fields of fabrics, surgical procedure, dentistry, and mechanics.
Mitsuo Niinomi, PhD, D.D.Sc., is a Professor on the Institute for fabrics study, Tohoku collage, Japan.
Takayuki Narushima, PhD, is a Professor on the division of fabrics Processing, Tohoku collage, Japan.
Masaaki Nakai, PhD, is an affiliate Professor on the Institute for fabrics learn, Tohoku college, Japan.
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Additional resources for Advances in Metallic Biomaterials: Tissues, Materials and Biological Reactions
The intervertebral disc is a fibrocartilaginous 2 Joint: Normal Anatomy, Function, and Pathological Condition 33 complex that forms the articulation between the vertebral bodies. The intervertebral disc can be divided into two components: an outermost fibrous ring, annulus fibrosus, and within a gelatinous core, nucleus pulposus. 3 Diarthrodial Joint/Synovial Joint The diarthrodial joint is the most common joint which is cavitated to form a freely movable connecting unit between two bones. The diarthrodial joint has the articular cavity between the bones, and the synovial fluid exists in the cavity.
Knee joint functions not only angular motion on one plane as hinge joint, but also sliding motion on the contact surface because the medial femoral condyle and lateral femoral condyle have different shapes (Fig. 3). Knee joint includes femorotibial joint and patellofemoral joint. As specific characteristics of the knee joint, medial and lateral meniscus exist between the femorotibial joint. Femorotibial joint is supported by many ligaments including patellar ligament, medial and lateral 34 T. Sakai Fig.
IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 43:638–649 38. Watanabe T, Yamazaki T, Sugamoto K, Tomita T, Hashimoto H, Maeda D et al (2004) In vivo kinematics of mobile-bearing knee arthroplasty in deep knee bending motion. J Orthop Res 22:1044–1049 39. Yamazaki T, Watanabe T, Nakajima N, Sugamoto K, Tomita T, Yoshikawa H et al (2005) Visualization of femorotibial contact in total knee arthroplasty using X-ray fluoroscopy. Eur J Radiol 53:84–89 40. Tamaki M, Toimita T, Yamazaki T, Hozack WJ, Yoshikawa H, Sugamoto K (2008) In vivo kinematic analysis of a high-flexion posterior stabilized fixed-bearing knee prosthesis in deep knee bending motion.
Advances in Metallic Biomaterials: Tissues, Materials and Biological Reactions by Mitsuo Niinomi, Takayuki Narushima, Masaaki Nakai