By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council
The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) used to be created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology examine and improvement (R&D) actions being funded through numerous federal organisations. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those study actions in an effort to speed up accountable improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for financial gain and nationwide safeguard. To take inventory of the growth of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology study and improvement Act, directed the nationwide learn Council to hold out a assessment of this system each 3 years. This file offers the result of the 1st of these reports, which addresses the industrial effect of nanotechnology advancements and offers a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken by means of overseas rivals. additionally, the file deals an review of the present prestige of accountable improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.
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University education, including participation in the research conducted at universities, fosters the next generation of scientific thinkers. Industry R&D enables new products with better functionality, leading to manufacturing and jobs. Government leadership advances the best interests of the nation, maintaining an infrastructure for S&T excellence, stimulating industrial innovation, protecting the environment, improving health, and ensuring national security. And the general public, who are the catalyst for and beneficiaries of government’s successes, must be kept informed.
Vision for Nanotechnology Research in the Next Decade. Nanotechnology Research Directions, IWGN Workshop Report. Kluwer Academic Publishers. W. Siegel, E. C. Roco, eds. 1999. Nanostructure Science and Technology. Kluwer Academic Publishers. C. Roco. 2004. S. National Nanotechnology Initiative after 3 years (2001-2003). Journal of Nanoparticle Research 6: 1010. 4National Research Council. 2002. Small Wonders, Endless Frontiers: A Review of the National Nano- technology Initiative. : National Academy Press.
March. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. html 1 A Review of the National Nanotechnology Initiative I n the mid-1990s, as better methods for the characterization, processing, and manipulation of matter at the nanoscale were being developed in research programs supported by the science and technology agencies of the federal government, these agencies began holding informal discussions on a common vision for what became known as nanotechnology (see Box 1-1 for a discussion of some definitions of nanotechnology).
A Matter of Size by Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council