By Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel
This publication is an review of the heritage of ethnology by way of its highbrow development, as such, instead of the existence histories of many of the personalities contain. The name used to be selected to indicate that the key predicament is the conflict, combine, syntheses, and rejection of rules themselves, as they regarding convinced significant difficulties within the theoretical improvement of the self-discipline. maybe this appears like an noticeable objective, yet simply because this type of selectivity is in reality strange, an explication is required
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Additional resources for A Century of Controversy. Ethnological Issues from 1860 to 1960
The Syndyasmian7 Family. Morgan noted that many of the "more advanced" tribes of the state of savagery had begun to restrain their polygamous tendencies as the husband began to recognize one of a number of his wives as the principal one. Eventually (in the stage of barbarism) the marriage of single pairs was usual and the Syndyasmian family was created. This was not yet the true monogamy of civilization, for the obligations of husband and wife were not strictly observed and, as was characteristic of the American Indians, they were both quite free to divorce and seek new mates.
It was finally his fear that McLennan, the Scottish lawyer, would establish priority in the field that pushed Morgan into acceptance of the evolutionary explanation of the kinship systems. McLennan had, as noted earlier, published his Primitive Marriage in 1865, and this contained an explanation of the widespread primitive custom of marriageby-capture. To recapitulate it briefly, the custom of female infanticide in very ancient times had led to polyandry because of the shortage of 8 The questionnaire with the covering letters by Joseph Henry of the Smithsonian and Cass was published as a "Circular in Reference to the Degrees of Relationship Among Different Nations" by the Smithsonian Institution in 1862.
This system (today called generational or Hawaiian) simply segments the society on the basis of generation and sex. All relatives of Ego are grandfather-grandmother, father-mother, brother-sister, son-daughter, grandsongranddaughter. Such systems exist in the primitive world as well as in Plato's imagination and presumably have long outlasted the family form that brought them about. Because Morgan could conceive of no significance or function of kinship terms other than to denote actual consanguineal and affinal relatives, the Malayan system on his view could have had no other possible origin than group marriage, with the consequent inability of the members to distinguish genealogical relationship other than on the basis of sex and generation.
A Century of Controversy. Ethnological Issues from 1860 to 1960 by Elman R Service, E. A. Hammel